Taiwan holds elections for following governing organs;
・the President of the State
・the Vice-President of the Government
・the members of the Legislative Yuan (Parliament)
・the Chief Executives of all local public entities
・the members of all local public assemblies
For elections, Taiwan uses following electoral methods;
・the Plurality Vote
Under the Plurality Vote, people vote for their favored candidate and the candidate who obtains the largest votes is elected to office.
・the First Past The Post Vote (FPTP)
Under the First Past The Post Vote method, people vote for their favored candidate and the candidate who obtains the largest votes is elected to office in each constituency
・the Single Non-Transferable Vote (SNTV)
Under the Single Non-Transferable Vote method, people vote for their favored candidate and the candidates who obtain the largest votes, up to the number of allocated seats to be filled, are elected to office in each constituency.
・the Proportional Representation Under the Proportional Representation method, people vote for a their favored party and the seats are distributed to each party depends on their proportion of votes to total votes in each constituency.
For the election of the President and the Vice-President, the Frst Past The Post Vote is used as an electoral method.
For the election of the Legislative Yuan that consists of 113 members, a constitutional amendment introduced in 2004 a Mixed-Member Majoritarian (MMM) system combining First Past The Post Vote, Single Non-Transferable Vote and Proportional Representation as electoral methods. Since the 2008 legislative elections, 73 members are elected in 73 constituencies by the First Past The Post Vote, 6 members are elected in 2 constituencies representing indigenous populations by the Single Non-Transferable Vote and the remaining 34 members are elected by party-based Proportional Representation.
For the elections of the Chief Executives of all local public entities and the members of all local public assemblies, the Single Non-Transferable Vote is used as an electoral system.