According to the Public Official Election Act, it specifies that for the link of proportional representation elections, whereby 56 deputies are elected, political parties must include 50% women on candidate lists. For the majority portion of election, whereby 243 representatives are elected in single-memmer districts, political parties shall include at least 30% of women candidates in their district nominations (Article 47), for the list of proportional representation election, political parties should ‘recommend candidates falling under every odd number in order to the candidates roll from among women (Article 47 (3)).
Additionally, there is a provision for other financial advantage to encourage gender equality in political parties that 10% of public funding to political parties must be used for ‘the political development of women’.
The reform of the Political Party Law in 2000 resulted in an increase in the percentage of women elected in the 2004 elections, rising to 13 percent, up from 5.9 per cent in the previous elections. Parties that nominate female candidates for the national elections also receive subsidies (Article 26).
In 2016, Korea’s National Assembly has 17% of women representatives (51 out of 300 members). However, a study organized by a group of former and current women politicians found that only 10.5 per cent of all 934 nominated candidates who ran for constituency seats were women. Among the 51 women who secured seats in the parliament, 25 of them were elected by proportional representation.
Meriem Trabelsi, Women’s Presence in Politics still Limited in South Korea, iKnow Politics, Jul. 7 2016, http://iknowpolitics.org/en/news/world-news/women%E2%80%99s-presence-politics-still-limited-south-korea
LINK : The Empowerment of Women in South Korea (Journal of International Affairs: 2014)
LINK : The South Korean election: a step forward for women (East Asia Forum: 2012)
LINK : First female president elected in South Korea (Concorn Monitor: 2012)
PDF : Women in Local Politics : The Korean Case (Mi-Kyung LEE, Member of the National Assembly/ FES)
PDF : Ten Years’ Experience of Gender Quota System in Korean Politics (SOH Eunyoung, GEMC Journal: 2011)