Elections in the Republic of Korea are governed by the Constitution, acts and decrees. The Constitution contains basic provision regarding election including the rights of citizens to vote and hold public office; freedom of speech and the press; freedom of assembly and association. It also includes provisions for the elected offices and terms of office, presidential election, political parties and the creation of an election management body.
The Constitutional law has provided for universal, equal and direct elections by the citizens. The general conduct and procedures, eligibility of voters and other concerns with regards to the electoral process are enclosed in the Public Official Election Act.
The establishment of political parties and the plural party system is provided by the Constitution but it is further governed by the Political Parties Act, which also directs the participation of the parties in the electoral process.
Another legal instrument used in the electoral process is the Political Funds Act, which is concerned with the fair provision of political funds, guaranteeing the transparency of and preventing irregularities concerning political funds.
The Constitution of the Republic of Korea
Public Official Election Act
Political Parties Act
Political Funds Act