Electoral System

Electoral System

South Korea holds elections for following governing organs;

・the President of the State

・the members of the National Assembly

・the Chief Executives of all local public entities

・the members of all local public assemblies

For elections, South Korea uses following electoral methods;

The Plurality Vote

Under the Plurality Vote, people vote for a their favored candidate and the candidate who obtains the largest votes is elected to office.

The First Past The Post Vote (FPTP)

Under the First Past The Post Vote method, people vote for a their favored candidate and the candidate who obtains the largest votes is elected to office in each constituency

The Single Nontransferable Vote (SNTV)

Under the Single Non­Transferable Vote method, people vote for a their favored candidate and the candidates who obtain the largest votes, up to the allocated seats to be filled, are elected to office in each constituency.

The Proportional Representation

Under the Proportional Representation method, people vote for a their favored party and the seats are distributed to each party depends on their proportion of votes to total votes in each constituency.

For the election of the President, the Plurality Vote is used as an electoral method.

For the election of the National Assembly that consists of 300 members, the First Past The Post Vote and the Proportional Representation are used as electoral methods. 246 members are elected in 246 constituencies by the First Past The Post Vote and the remaining 54 members are elected by the Proportional Representation.

For the elections of the Chief Executives of all local public entities, the Plurality Vote is used as an electoral method. On the other hand, the First Past The Post Vote and/or the Single Non-Transferable Vote as well as the Proportional Representation are used as electoral methods for the members of all local public assemblies.

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