According to the Law of Communal Election, in order to be eligible for voting, one must meet the following criteria:
- be a citizen of the Kingdom of Cambodia
- age 18 years old or above up to the election date
- be a permanent resident in the district and commune where they are going to vote
- not under the prison confinement nor been disqualified from voting
- not mentally disable.
The national identification card is required to bring along on the day of the registration. However, for individuals who are not the permanent residents of the commune that they are going to vote are also required to bring their family book.
The National Election Commission of Cambodia has used a digital voter registration system in 2016 for Commune Election in June 2017, in order to minimize the mistakes which happened in 2013 Elections. The registration electronic equipment was donated by the European Union (EU) and comprised of 2,400 HP notebooks, 2,425 computer monitors and various kinds of electronic equipment. The NEC called and appealed for Cambodian citizens who work or live abroad to register their names for the election in Cambodia as the migrant workers will not be able to vote from overseas.
The new registration system is a part of 2014 election reform deal between the CPP and opposition CNRP. As the 3-month registration period ended in November 2016, there were 7.8 million out of 9.6 million eligible voters registered for the 2017 elections. Nearly 2 million eligible voters who were unable to register are migrant workers who have to travel far to their home communes, the elderly, prisoners, and those who choose not to vote. Eligible voters who failed to register in 2016 will be unable to vote in the commune elections in 2017 and the 2018 national elections.
Cambodia Voter Registration Ends with 7.8 Million of 9.6 Million Eligible Voters Signed Up, Radio Free Asia, Nov. 30, 2016, http://www.rfa.org/english/news/cambodia/cambodia-voter-registration-ends-11302016124340.html.
Khmer Times, Cambodia: New Equipment for Voter Registration, The Voting News, Aug 5, 2016, https://thevotingnews.com/new-equipment-for-voter-registration-khmer-times/.